DelDOT logo
DelDOT Blog

Delaware Department of Transportation

Facebook  Twitter  Flickr  YouTube  RSS Feed


US Route 301 Archaeology Update

Written on: September 17th, 2012 in Archaeology Updates US301

Cooking Pit Features
Cooking Pit Features

Last week at the Cardon/Holton Site the Hunter Research Inc. crew worked hard removing the remainder of pits started last week.  The pit with the juvenile articulated pig turned out to be more complicated than we first thought.  The articulated bones only represented the limbs of one, possibly two pigs with the upper portion of a skull from a larger mature pig.  These bones may represent pieces of meat from a feature thought to be a smokehouse.  Why the limbs would remain articulated is a bit of a mystery we don’t have an answer for at this time.  Another nearby pit exhibits reddened soils at the base resulting from fire (likely for cooking) as evidenced by fire-crack rock and chunks of charcoal.  The pit was flanked by a pair of medium-sized posts which likely suspended a cooking vessel such as a cauldron.  Several pieces of cast iron cauldrons were found in the vicinity during the Phase IB survey.  Excavation in the shaft feature thought to be a well, have proven fruitful as the clear outline of a square four-foot wooden shaft has evolved.  Artifacts recovered from the site thus far seem to indicate the site was abandoned by around 1740. Recent research indicates William Cardon passed away prior 1737.  His son also William Cardon, a minor became a ward of Boaz Boyce who later ends up with the property.  It also appears that the property is occupied for a short period by a tenant, Robert Whiteside in 1742.  Hopefully additional research will provide insights and answers to the new questions generated by the archaeology.

Shaft Feature